The data collected through wildlife population monitoring provides the foundation for setting catch and export quotas for species listed on the Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES), as well as for the management and sustainable utilization of fauna and flora. However, Indonesia faces several challenges to monitoring wildlife populations, including a limited capacity to identify species, limited staff, and funding. This week, BIJAK and LIPI are addressing some of these challenges by delivering a 5-day wildlife population monitoring training to representatives of universities, non-government organizations, and communities from Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan. Participants are learning standard methods for monitoring mammals, herpetofauna, and bird populations, and providing feedback to improve LIPI’s wildlife population monitoring guidelines based on their practical experience from the field. The knowledge and skills learned during the training will enable these organizations and individuals to improve the quantity, quality, and transparency of wildlife population data available to LIPI for setting quotas and developing species conservation strategies.